Kenya 2014 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS)
The 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey is the fifth of its kind and follows similar surveys conducted in 1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2008-09. The 2014 KDHS provides information to help monitor and evaluate population and health status in Kenya. In 2014 KDHS, new indicators not collected in previous KDHS surveys, such as noncommunicable diseases, fistula, and men’s experience of domestic violence, are included. Also, it is the first national survey to provide estimates for demographic and health indicators at the county level. Following adoption of a constitution in Kenya in 2010 and devolution of administrative powers to the counties, the new 2014 KDHS data should be valuable to managers and planners.
The 2014 KDHS has specifically collected data to estimate fertility, to assess childhood, maternal, and adult mortality, to measure changes in fertility and contraceptive prevalence, to examine basic indicators of maternal and child health, to estimate nutritional status of women and children, to describe patterns of knowledge and behaviour related to the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and to ascertain the extent and pattern of domestic violence and female genital cutting. Unlike the 2003 and 2008-09 KDHS surveys, this survey did not include HIV and AIDS testing. HIV prevalence estimates are available from the 2012 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS), completed prior to the 2014 KDHS.