"While Egyptians on average live to 70 years of age, and the proportion of undernourished is less than five per cent, the country’s agricultural sector has seen hard times in recent years. Avian influenza has proven difficult to control, and the spread to humans has cost 51 lives. In a country where approximately 3 percent of the land is arable, desert locusts occasionally invade its deserts and fields, a situation that requires continuous monitoring. About 24 million Egyptians (or more than one-quarter of the population) work in the farming, forestry and fishing industries."
Source: FAO Country Profiles: Egypt